The Flying Horse of Gansu, Bronze Running Horse (铜奔马), Galloping Horse Treading on a Flying
Eastern Han Dynasty (25 - 220 AD) Bronze/ 34.5╳45.6 cm
Excavated in 1969 from the Leitai Tomb belonging to
General Zhang of Zhang Ye, Wuwei County, Gansu Province
Gansu Provincial museum, Lanzhou, China
is a realistic, three-dimensional, bronze sculpture of a galloping and neighing
horse that has its right hoof treading on a flying bird. It was found together
with 38 other bronze horse statues with chariots, of which some where inscribed
with the name of General Zhang of Zhang Ye.
The most well-known part of the Silk Road are the so-called northern routes of the overland Silk Road. These routes linked Xi’an in China, with Lanzhou, Dunhuang, Turfan and Kashgar. Traditionally the “opening” of this branch of the Silk Road is attributed to the military and commercial missions of Emperor Wudi, who ruled from 157 to 87 BC during the Han Dynasty. Although silk is often considered to be the main commodity exchanged, but what really kick started the trade over these northern routes was the Chinese demand for horses, and in particular ‘heavenly horses.’ But, as you may wonder, what were heavenly horses? Where did they come from? And what were the motives behind the desire for horses in Han-period China?
Unfortunately, the breeds of horses associated with these ‘heavenly horses’ are extinct today, but archaeological discoveries can provide us with a glimpse of how they may have looked like. For instance, the remarkable statue of a galloping horse found in Wuwei city, Ga…
The term Silk Road was coined in 1877 by the German
geographer and historian Ferdinand von Richthofen. The singular “Die
Seidenstraße” (Silk Road) or plural “Seidenstraßen” (Silk Roads) were first
used by Richthofen in one of his lectures, but only in the twentieth century
these terms became more commonly mentioned by scholars. Since then, the Silk Road has
come to mean many things beyond its original usage. You can think of the Silk
Road as the original globalisation before the rise of modern globalisation. It
is, in a nutshell, the intercultural movement of goods and ideas.
well-known overland silk road, there also exists a network of maritime routes,
called the Maritime Silk Road. Sometimes referred to as “the Spice Routes” or
“Ceramic Routes”, these maritime routes also played a major role in the intercultural
interactions between regions in Eurasia. So actually, when we talk about silk
roads, the plural form, we should consider both overland a…